Why is my period blood so dark? This very question has been asked for so many reasons.
Black period blood is blood that takes extra time to leave the uterus, becoming oxidized along the way.
When blood is exposed to oxygen, it becomes oxidized and turns dark brown or blackish, similar to the colour of coffee grounds.
The good news is that black period blood and vaginal discharge isn’t always a cause for concern.
It commonly occurs at different times throughout a cycle, particularly toward the beginning of a period.
Generally, a period with dark and low volume of blood is normal and does not indicate any health problems, especially if it occurs at the beginning or end of menstruation.
However, this can also happen when women start taking the contraceptive pill for the first time, change the pill or use the morning-after pill.
In these cases, menstruation can also become darker or have the colour of coffee grounds, returning to normal in the next cycle.
Why Is My Period Blood So Dark?
Menstruation blood, which is black, brown, or similar to coffee grounds may be caused by the following reasons:
- It’s The Beginning Or End Of A Period
Blood flow tends to be slightly slower at the beginning and end of a period.
The longer it takes for blood to leave the body, the more time it has to oxidize by oxygen and turn into black period blood.
- Something Could Be Stuck Inside The Vagina
Black period blood sometimes points to the presence of a foreign object in the vagina, such as a forgotten tampon.
Other objects that might get lodged in the vagina include condoms, sex toys, and contraceptive devices such as sponges, diaphragms, rings, and cervical caps.
Over time, these can irritate the vaginal lining and trigger an infection. Aside from black period blood, an infection might cause other symptoms, such as:
- Vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odour
- Discomfort or itching in or around the vagina
- Rash or swelling of the genital area
- Difficulty urinating
- Pelvic or abdominal pain
If you notice black period blood in combination with any of the above symptoms and suspect something is stuck inside you, seek help immediately.
In rare cases, it could lead to a life-threatening infection known as toxic shock syndrome.
- Due To Emotional Changes
Some changes in a woman’s emotional state, such as excessive stress or depression, can affect the structure of the uterus by reducing the thickness of its walls.
This change delays the peeling of the cells and, therefore, facilitates blood oxidation, making the period darker.
- Due To Pregnancy
A small amount of pinkish, brownish or dark reddish bleeding is common in the first weeks of pregnancy because the embryo is attaching itself to the walls of the uterus.
However, when this bleeding occurs at a later stage of pregnancy or is accompanied by other symptoms such as abdominal pain, shoulder pain, dizziness or excessive fatigue, it may indicate the development of ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage, so it is recommended you go to the obstetrician to verify if there’s any problem.
- Due To Menopause And Hormonal changes
Hormonal changes because of thyroid problems, or even menopause, commonly cause the period to darken and come in small amounts.
This change is also very common when switching contraceptive pills (like earlier mentioned) or when the woman is not breastfeeding very often, and the breastfeeding pill is not enough to avoid bleeding.
- Due To STI (Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
In addition, this type of period is usually accompanied by a foul smell, brown discharge before or after menstruation, pelvic pain and a fever above 38º C.
- Due To Post-partum
Another situation in which dark period blood is normal is in the postpartum stage, because the uterus takes about 45 days to return to its normal size and there’s bleeding during this period.
At this stage, this bleeding isn’t exactly menstruation, but the coloration is dark and may confuse many women.
However, this is normal and expected.
- Due To Endometriosis And Other Conditions
Endometriosis is the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus. This type of problem and other conditions such as Adenomyosis can cause severe pain in the pelvic region and dark blemishes, similar to the colour of coffee grounds, that can occur both during and between menstruations.
In these cases, the period, besides being dark, can also last up to 7 days. In case of suspicion, you should go to the GYNECOLOGIST (DOCTOR) for an examination, analyses and recommendations for antibiotics, or another form of treatment, such as surgery.
Why is my period blood so dark? Share with friends….