What are the health benefits of pineapple? Pineapple, scientifically known as Ananas Comosus, is a tropical fruit filled with diverse nutrients.
Its rough and scaly skin grows from a cluster of berries that fuse together around a central, fibrous core.
When ripe, its green colour changes to white or yellow with a distinctive aroma and a juicy flavour. Pineapple can be consumed fresh, dried, canned as juice, or as a condiment in several recipes.
One fresh pineapple of about 100gms contains 50gms of calories, 86% of water, 0.5gm of protein, 13.1gm of carbs, 9.9gm of sugar, 1.4gm of fibre, 0.1gm of fat, 0.2gm of omega-3, 0.2gm of omega-6 and more nutrients.
There are lots of health and nutritional benefits in pineapple. The carbohydrate present in pineapple is typically simple sugar like fructose, sucrose and glucose. A cup of pineapple juice contains 2 grams and about 100% insoluble fibre.
Insoluble fibres reduce the risk of type-2 diabetes and aid healthy digestion. Pineapple has abundant vitamins and minerals. For instance, one cup of pineapple juice contains 132% of vitamin C, and this is an antioxidant vitamin that is required for immune functions and healthy skin.
Copper is another essential mineral in pineapple, and it plays many important functions in the body, such as being a co-factor in the red blood cells formation.
Pineapple is equally enriched with folate (B9), which is very important for tissue growth and normal cell functions, especially during pregnancy.
Eating pineapple builds and fortifies bones because of its manganese content. It equally ensures healthy gum and teeth.
Above all, pineapple is the only source of bromelain (a protein extract derived from the stems of pineapples).
Bromelain prevents cancer (colon cancer to be precise), boosts immune system, reduces inflammation, improves wound healing, prevents diarrhea and enhances gastrointestinal tract health.
It also fights asthma and hypersensitive airway diseases, prevent and subdues cough and cold.
Anthocyanins, a very powerful antioxidant that reduces the risk of heart disease, macular degeneration (a health condition responsible for the loss of vision) and relieves arthritis, can also be found in pineapples.
However, you need to know that pineapple may cause mouth and teeth irritation and in some cases, abdominal pains, vomiting, etc. It can prevent accumulation of blood platelets, and may have a blood thinning effect.
So, people on blood thinning medication should seek for a physician’s advice before eating pineapple.
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