Unripe plantain health benefits and side effects? Plantains are an extremely important staples for people in tropical countries such African countries, Americas and Nigeria in particular. Plantain or Musa paradaisica, is an household plant.
Both adults and children alike know it. Even though people are familiar with the Plantain plant, and enjoy its fruit, flour and chips, they do not pay attention to its other uses.
What Is Unripe Plantain?
It’s easily defined as a plantain that has not yet ripened. Which has a bright green colour with a thicker outer skin than the ripe one?
Plantain is close relatives to bananas. They are also less sweet, bigger and starchier forms of bananas. Unlike bananas, plantains are almost always cooked before eating. In fact, they taste pretty awful raw, so don’t be tricked by their banana-like features.
What Differs Unripe Plantain From Ripe Plantain?
Ok, note this fact. Once plantain changes from unripe to ripe its nutrient profile also changes.
Therefore aside from the physical differences, there are also other few vital nutritional differences between these two. Here they are:
|Unripe (Green) Plantain||Ripe Plantain|
|Contains more Micronutrient||Contain less micronutrient. (Micronutrient loss happens as plantain ages)|
|Contains probiotics||Little to no probiotics|
| Low glycemic index|
(Makes it take longer to digest)
|The high glycemic index (Makes it easier to digest).|
|High resistant starch(Which may cause bloating and gas)||Lower in resistance starch|
(Most of the starch has been converted to simple sugar)
|Low sugar content(So, good for people suffering from Type 2 diabetes)||High sugar content(So, Not good for people suffering from Type 2 diabetes)|
|Contains Probiotic bacteria(Helps with good colon health)||Contains little to no probiotics|
|Low antioxidant||Higher levels of antioxidants (antioxidant levels increase with the age of the Plantain).|
Cooked plantains are nutritionally very similar to a potato, calorie-wise, but contain more of certain vitamins and minerals. They’re a rich source of fiber, vitamins A, C, and B-6, and the minerals magnesium and potassium.
Does Unripe Plantain Cause Diabetes?
No, it doesn’t cause diabetes cause it is a diabetes-friendly food because it contains a low amount of sugar content.
Also, fiber has been shown to help stabilize blood sugar. And the unripe plantain contains lots of fiber.
Is Unripe Plantain Safe In Pregnancy?
The best answer to these is yes. For the most part, you can enjoy plantain during pregnancy. As you can see, green plantain contains a large number of impressive nutrients, which is good for you and your child.
However, make sure that you do not spoil yourself too much, and also check with your doctor if you are taking any kind of medication.
Can Unripe Plantain Be Used For Ulcer?
Yes, unripe plantain seems the best food for you if you’re suffering from ulcers. Also, this is because it contains probiotics and other phytochemicals that can help heal wounds in the wall of the intestine.
What Are The Uses Of Unripe Plantain Peels?
Peel from green plantain is used for making dry flour, which can be used in making snacks like cookies.
What Are the benefits Of Plantain Peel?
According to a study published in 2015 in the Journal of Food Science and Technology, flour-made with plantain peel is a very good source of antioxidants, dietary fiber.
Health Benefits Of Unripe Plantain And Side Effects Of Unripe Plantain
However, below are 10 health benefits of unripe plantain to the body;
- It Enriches The Heart
Unripe plantain contains some amount of serotonin which dilates the arteries, improves blood flow and reduces homocysteine (a condition that causes coronary artery disease and stroke).
Its richness in potassium makes it heart friendly by preventing heart attack and hypertension through controlling heart rate and blood pressure in our body and cell.
Also, its fibre content is great for reducing cholesterols level which reduces the risk of developing any heart diseases. ALSO READ:5 Nigerian Foods That Can Increase Red Blood Cells
- It Can Treat Anaemia And Neuritis
Its presence of vitamin B6 can help in curing neuritis (inflammation of the nerve), and anaemia: a medical condition where someone is having low red blood cells in the blood, which causes weakness.
With inclusive into meal plan and consumption, it can cure anaemia and neuritis and serves as a preventive measure.
- It’s A Great Meal For Weight Loss And Healthy Eating
It’s relatively low in carbohydrates, with high fibre content, essential vitamins and minerals. When consuming with lots of vegetable soup and chicken, it makes a great weight loss and a healthy meal.
- Eating Unripe Plantain Helps With The Circulatory And Digestive System
- Its source of vitamin A, B6 and C helps with better vision, better skin complexion, builds immunity against diseases and free radicals.
- It Helps With Bowel Movement
Its richness in fibre makes bowel movement easier which also reduce constipation.
- It Makes A Great Meal For Diabetics
Unripe plantain is very low in sugar compared to ripe or overripe plantain and this makes it a good choice for diabetes especially when added with other fibre and protein-rich food such as green vegetables.
Thus, it makes a great choice for preventing diabetes.
- It Helps Builds And Strengthens Stronger Bones
Unripe Plantain is rich in calcium which is the essential mineral needed for stronger bones, muscles, nails and teeth.
A healthy meal with unripe plantain inclusive will prevents diseases such as osteoporosis which involves the weakening of the bones and causes fractures.
- It Can Prevent Ulcer
Various studies conducted have shown that unripe plantain contains phytochemical properties such as leucocyanidin which can prevent ulcer.
- It Boosts Sexual Performance
Making unripe plantain part of your healthy meal plan will help you in improving sexual performance through increased libido, improve male fertility, thicker sperm and volume.
Food recipes such as unripe plantain with ginger and garlic, roasted or parboil can work wonders.
11. Develops The Immune System
Unripe plantain is said to contain a lot of vitamin A and powerful antioxidants that help the immune system function properly.
It aids the body cells in developing properly and prevents the body from unhealthy bacterias.
Consistent consumption of unripe plantain will help the immune system to develop properly.
Culinary Uses Of Unripe Plantain
Plantains are very versatile and a good substitute for potatoes. They can be boiled, roasted, fried, or baked.
Here are some easy ways to enjoy plantains:
Boiled: To boil, peel the skin, cut into chunks, and cook as you would cook potatoes. When done, add to stews, curry, soups, chili, or eat them as a side dish.
Roasted: My best though!!! Peel and roast unripe plantains in oven or charcoal till slightly brown. When done, eat with beans chili, roasted fish, stew, or soups.
Fried: To fry, peel their skins, cut into small slices, and deep-fry in healthy oil. You can enjoy them as a snack or side dish. For a healthier alternative, you can cook sliced plantains in an air fryer.
Baked: You can mash baked plantains and add them to your pancakes or baked goods. They are a great gluten-free alternative.
Finely ground: Green plantains can be dried and ground into flour. It can be used to make swallow or African meal or added to your baked goods.
Health Benefits Of Unripe Plantain And Side Effects Of Unripe n
Possible Side Effects Of Unripe Plantain
Foods high in fiber and resistant starch may be difficult for some people to digest. They may cause bloating, gas, or constipation.
So increase your intake of unripe plantains slowly and drink lots of water in order to avoid such side effects.
In conclusion, you can imagine all the health benefits of unripe plantain to our body system, including prevention diseases.
Hence, include unripe plantain into your meal plan today and start having the many medicinal and therapeutic properties it possesses.
You can enjoy it cook which is my favourite by parboiling it in other not to relatively kill its nutrients, fry and make into flour for pudding food.