Life, in most part of the world, has not just come to a standstill but is also increasingly becoming overwhelming during these times of crisis (COVID-19 pandemic for instance).
The rise and spread of the novel coronavirus is leading to stress, fear, and anxiety in adults and children alike.
If you are amongst those who often feel anxious or depressed for no known reason, you may have an anxiety disorder, depression, or both. It’s not unusual for someone to suffer from both conditions at one given time.
In fact, according to some reports, just about half of those diagnosed with depression are also diagnosed with an anxiety disorder.
Depression and anxiety are serious but treatable illnesses. The same medications may be used to ease the symptoms of each condition. The two also share similar symptoms, like nervousness, irritability, insomnia and problems concentrating, but each has its own causes.
Anxiety has a cognitive element (worry) and physiological response (stress), thus we experience anxiety in both – mind and body, according to a report in NYT.
Anxiety is your body’s natural response to stress. It’s a feeling of fear or apprehension about what’s to come. If you have an anxiety disorder, you may experience – fear, panic or anxiety in situations where most people would not, constant nagging worry or anxiousness, and sudden panic or anxiety attacks without any clear trigger.
If left untreated, these disorders can limit your ability to work, maintain relationships or in severe cases – your ability to even leave the house.
Depression is a common illness worldwide, with more than 264 million people affected by it, according to the World Health Organisation. Depression is different from usual mood fluctuations and short-lived emotional responses to challenges in everyday life.
When you’re depressed, it affects just about everything in your life — how you think, feel, behave, there is a loss of interest in activities causing impairment in daily functions.
Symptoms of depression include: Discouragement, sadness, hopelessness, anger, lack of motivation or interest in life in general, low energy level, insomnia and feeling overwhelmed by daily tasks and personal interactions
If these feelings last longer than two weeks and interfere with daily activities like spending time with friends, caring for your family or going to work, most likely you’re experiencing a major depressive episode.
Stress and anxiety may seem similar, but they’re not the same. Stress is a response to daily pressures or a threatening situation, while anxiety is a reaction to stress. Anxiety, which has no clear cause, tends to last longer and can be more difficult to treat.
Symptoms include that of headaches, high blood pressure, chest pain, heart palpitations, skin rashes and loss of sleep. Stress usually is taken care of when the stressors disappear.
However, chronic stress can escalate into anxiety or depression, so it’s important to take constant steps to reduce stress.
Remember to stay safe, stay fit and be alive……