This is another form of bacterial infection that affects the genital tracts of both men and women. The bacteria causing the infection can grow in moist and warm areas of the reproductive organs of a woman including the cervix, the fallopian tube and the urethra of both men and women.
That’s not all, sometimes the bacteria can also grow in the mouth, throat and anus regions. The symptoms of gonorrhea can either appear within a week after being infected or remain silent for months together before acting up.
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Symptoms Of Gonorrhea
In women, it can cause abnormal menstrual bleeding, pain during urination, burning sensation in the vagina, lower abdominal or pelvic pain, spotting after intercourse and swelling in the genital tracts.
Sometimes, it can also result in a throat infection if contacted during oral sex. At times it can also cause conjunctivitis.
In men, it can cause discharge from the penis, pain or a burning sensation during urination, swelling in the testicles and throat infection if transmitted through oral sex.
A pregnant mother can pass the infection to the baby during the birthing process if she is infected with the same.
How Can Gonorrhea Be Prevented?
Taking certain precautions will help prevent the spread of gonorrhea. There are also preventive measures that can keep the infection from occurring in the first place. The most reliable ways to prevent gonorrhea are to:
- Abstain from sexual intercourse
- Always use a condom during vaginal, oral, or anal sexual intercourse
Have a sexually monogamous partner (ONE PARTNER) who doesn’t have the infection
Since gonorrhea doesn’t usually cause symptoms, it’s important for people who are sexually active to get tested regularly. This is especially important if their partner has been diagnosed with gonorrhea.
Consider speaking with a doctor about how often to get tested for gonorrhea and other STIs.
Diagnosis and treatment
To diagnose the condition a swab might be taken from the genitals of a man and cervix of a woman. Sometimes, even a throat culture or anus culture is done to check if the infection has spread to those areas.
Gonorrhea can be treated and cured either with oral medications or with antibiotic injections depending on the severity of the condition and your health care expert’s diagnosis of the same.
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