Anxiety disorders? This is a psychiatric disorder, characterized by irrational worrying or fear, with anticipation of the worst and avoidance of the situation.
Due to these, the person will have difficulty in functioning at home, at work, at school or even socially.
The symptoms of anxiety disorders include:
* Worrying, fear or feeling of apprehension.
* Anticipating that the worst scenario will occur, even death.
* The person has trouble in concentrating in anything, at that point in time, and may pace up and down.
* He or she may complain of chest pain, headache, or other parts of the body with aches and pains.
* There will be difficulty in breathing, as well as fast heart beat called palpitation.
* He or she may feel that there is a lump in the throat or feel that the mouth is dry.
* The person begins to shake, which could be at the entire body or just at the limbs.
* There is also excessive sweating at the hands and feet.
* There could be excessive urination or diarrhoea.
* Poor sleep. There is difficulty in falling asleep or maintaining sleep.
Types of anxiety disorders include:
- Generalised anxiety disorder. Here, the worrying is not focused at anything specifically. The worries shift from one topic to another.
- Specific phobia. The irrational fear is focused on certain things or situations, that actually should not be feared.
- There could be fear of animals such as dogs, cats, spiders, etc. when the fear should not arise.
- Situational fear includes fear of flying, going on bridges, or fear of closed space.
- Fear of objects like water, etc.
- Fear of blood and needles, etc.
- Agoraphobia is fear of being in a place where one can not escape. They can not even go to the market. In this case, the person is afraid of even leaving the house, so he or she becomes house bound.
- Panic disorder. Here, there is intense fear not directed at any particular situation. And when it occurs, the person may believe that death will occur.
- Social phobia. This is fear of being in a place or social gathering where one will be scrutinised. So the person cannot make public speeches, or talk where there are many people.
If not treated, there could be problems in functioning adequately. There could be other complications such as depression, poor sleep, job loss, dropping out of school, relationship issues, poverty, addiction to drugs, suicidality, etc.
There could also be other medical complications such as hypertension, heart diseases, stroke, diabetes, etc.
Yes, there are treatments. These include psychological treatments, using psychiatric medications, or both.
About The Author:
Julia Nonyerem Ogwunga is a medical consultant, a writer.