How income affects our health! Life expectancy is the average time an organism or human is expected to live. Some countries have considerably higher life spans than others do. Take Monaco, for instance.
The second smallest country in the world boasts the highest life expectancy with citizens living an average of 89.4 years. Most African countries (like Nigeria with life expectancy of 55 years) on the other hand, where the living standards are relatively low having lower life expectancy ranging in the mid-forties.
Actually, income affects our health directly because wealthier people can afford the resources that protect and improve health. In contrast to many low-income people, they tend to have jobs that are more stable and flexible.
These jobs provide good benefits like paid leave, health insurance and worksite wellness programs. They also tend to have fewer occupational hazards.
More affluent or wealthy people have more disposable income and can afford medical care and a healthy lifestyle — benefits that also extend to their children.
However, it is easy to imagine how health is tied to income for the very poor or the very rich. The relationship between income and health is a gradient.
They are connected at every level of the economic ladder. Middle-class Nigerians are healthier than persons living in slums. They are in turn less healthy than the upper class living in well-gardened suburbs such as Aso Rock Villa or Lekki.
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Infant mortality and children’s health are also strongly linked to family income and maternal education. Rates of low birth weight are highest among infants born to low-income mothers dwelling in the rural areas.
Children in poor families are approximately four times as likely to be in poor or fair health compared to children in families with high incomes.
Hence, with this very obvious evidence, one can rightly deduce that our income affects our health in several ways.