Up to 6% of people in Uganda are infected with Hepatitis B; a virus that can cause acute and chronic liver infections (cirrhosis) which is incurable. That means if you are in a place with 15 people, at least one of them, on average, has the infection. It is serious because dying of viral hepatitis in Africa is becoming a bigger threat than dying of AIDS, malaria or tuberculosis.
Similar to HIV, hepatitis B virus is transmitted through unprotected sex, infected blood products and items such as needles, razor blades, dental or medical equipment, unscreened blood transfusions or from mother to child at birth. Unfortunately 90% of the infected people do not know it because they do not show any signs of sickness and therefore can easily infect others.