Best Drug For Malaria Treatment In Nigeria

Best drug for malaria treatment in Nigeria? Over the years, people and scientists have been searching for the best and effective anti-malaria drug(s).

Malaria, caused by the parasites claims thousands of lives annually and this has made it to draw global attention.

Actually, malaria is getting harder to treat these days with recent development of artemisinin-resistant strain of the parasite that causes malaria been identified by scientists in Rwanda. But artemisinin-resistant strain was first recorded in 2008 in South East Asia.

What Is Really Malaria?

Feeding mosquito
Feeding mosquito

Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito (female Anopheles mosquitoes)  which feeds on humans. People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness.

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There are four kinds of malaria parasites that infect humans: Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. In addition, P. knowlesi, a type of malaria that naturally infects macaques in Southeast Asia, also infects humans, causing malaria that is transmitted from animal to human (“zoonotic” malaria).

  1. falciparum is the type of malaria that is most likely to result in severe infections and if not promptly treated, may lead to death. Although malaria can be a deadly disease, illness and death from malaria can usually be prevented.

Evolution Of Parasites

In a journal article, scientists warned that malaria parasites that developed a resistance to previous drugs are “suspected to have contributed to millions of additional malaria deaths in young African children in the 1980s”.

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When the first malaria drug, Chloroquine, was developed, researchers thought that the disease would be eradicated within years. But since the 1950s the parasites have evolved to develop resistance to successive drugs. ALSO READ;Malaria In Africa: Parasite Now ‘Resistant To Artemisinin’

However, malaria infection is now commonly treated with a combination of two drugs – artemisinin and piperaquine (the Best and Effective Anti-malaria Drug).

What Is The Best Drug For Malaria Treatment?

Artemisinin + Piperaquine Tablets

Artemisinin_piperaquine_tablets
Artemisinin_piperaquine_tablets

Artemisinin and its derivates are a group of drugs that possess the most rapid action of all current drugs against falciparum malaria. Piperaquine on the other hand, is characterized by slow absorption and a long biological half-life, making it a good partner drug with artemisinin.

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Piperaquine is an antimalarial agent first synthesized in the 1960’s and used throughout China. Its use declined in the 1980’s as piperaquine resistant strains of Plasmodium falciparum appeared and artemisinin derivatives became available.

It has come back into use in combination with the artemisinin for best and effect results.

Artemisinin + piperaquine tablets are manufactured as a fixed dose medicine; as an artemisinin-based combinations therapy, it is recommended by the WHO (World Health Organization) for treatment of all forms of malaria.

Any Side Effects Of Artemisinin+Piperaquine?

Menstrual pain
A lady in bed with pain

Though artimisinin+piperaqiune may be considered best and effective anti-malaria drug, but as with all pharmaceuticals, some unwanted side effects can occur from the use of artemisinin + piperaquine tablets.

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Always consult a DOCTOR or health care professional for medical advice before use.

Meanwhile, common side effects include, but may not be limited to anoxia (deficiency of oxygen reaching the body tissues), nausea, vomiting, headache, and dizziness.

For a comprehensive list of all possible effects, consult your DOCTOR and if any symptom persists or gets worse, or you notice any other symptom, then please call your doctor immediately.

Some Key Facts About Malaria

  • Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles It is preventable and curable.
  • In 2018, there were an estimated 228 million cases of malaria worldwide.
  • The estimated number of malaria deaths stood at 405,000 in 2018.
  • Children aged under 5 years are the most vulnerable group affected by malaria; in 2018, they accounted for 67% (272,000) of all malaria deaths worldwide.
  • The WHO African Region carries a disproportionately high share of the global malaria burden. In 2018, the region was home to 93% of malaria cases and 94% of malaria deaths.
  • Total funding for malaria control and elimination reached an estimated US$ 2.7 billion in 2018. Contributions from governments of endemic countries amounted to US$ 900 million, representing 30% of total funding.

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3 thoughts on “Best Drug For Malaria Treatment In Nigeria

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