Once a family is established, the next thing there is responsibilities. The responsibilities don’t just come in one particular way but many ways of which health concern is the most important one. With this in mind, every mother or family should have some certain medical supplies ready in case of emergency. Having these medical supplies ready means you are set for inevitable situations and well placed to tackle any issue arising at any moment before seeking for medical consultation.
The amount of medical supplies recommended for a particular mother or family to have is not necessarily the whole medical materials rather few but basic ones for day-to-day activities which should be kept on hand. The basic ones here suggest the ones just needed to start an emergency treatment. Though modern medicine and some important home remedies known to be safe and work well may also be included.
WHAT ARE THE BASIC THINGS MOTHERS OR FAMILIES SHOULD HAVE?
- ORAL REHYDRATION SALT (ORS): Most often, diarrhoea kills a child by dehydration which means that too much liquid has been drained out of the child’s body. Therefore, as soon as diarrhoea starts, it is essential to give the child extra drinks to replace the liquid being lost. Oral Rehydration Therapy commonly known as ORT is the cheap, simple and effective way to treat dehydration caused by diarrhoea. When diarrhoea occurs like we said, essential fluids and salts are lost from the body and must be quickly replaced. Millions of children who die every year in developing countries from diarrhoea could be saved if they were given ORT promptly.
I know you may ask; what is ORT? Oral Rehydration Therapy also commonly known as ORT is the giving of fluid by mouth to prevent or correct the dehydration that is a result of diarrhoea. As soon as diarrhoea begins, treatment using home remedies to prevent dehydration must be started. And an effective solution can be made using ingredients found in almost every household. This includes the use of Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) solution to treat dehydration.
- PARACETAMOL: As a mother in the house, having a packet or more of paracetamol is an advantage especially when mid-night fever hits any member of the family. However, acetaminophen commonly called paracetamol is a pain reliever and a fever reducer. It is used to treat many conditions such as headache, muscle aches, arthritis, backache, toothaches, colds and fevers. It relieves pain in mild arthritis but has no effect on the underlying inflammation and swelling of the joint. Therefore, having paracetamol within your reach at home is a very good option.
- Though zinc is not needed for emergency reasons but is a vital mineral, also called an “essential trace element” because very small amounts of zinc are necessary for human health. Since the human body does not store excess zinc, it must be consumed regularly as part of the diet. Common dietary sources of zinc include red meat, poultry, and fish.
It acts like an antioxidant within the body, fighting free-radical damage and slowing the aging process. Zinc also has a major impact on hormonal balance, so for this reason, even a small zinc deficiency can result in an increased risk for infertility or diabetes. Without enough zinc present in your diet, it’s possible to experience negative reactions like frequently getting sick, feeling like you’re always tired and run down and experiencing poor concentration, stunted growth and the inability to heal wounds.
- FIRST AID BOX: A well-stocked first aid kit is an essential item in every home. After all, you or your children are just likely to get a cut, bump, bruise, bite, or other self-treatable injury while working or playing are at home. Given the limited period of time you have staying at home, the first aid kit would be a step ahead in treating any emergency issue and it doesn’t need to be as elaborate as the one found in the lab, but it should contain the essentials tool. Make sure that you keep everything together in a water-proof box and store it in an area of your house that stays relatively cool, since high and sunlight can degrade certain products. Always check on the kit regularly to replace items that have expired or that you are running low on.
- GOOD OR PROPER HYGIENE: Maintaining personal hygiene is necessary for many reasons such as personal, social, health, psychological or simply as a way of life. Keeping a good standard of hygiene helps to prevent the development and spread of infections, illnesses and bad odours too. A good hygiene signifies a healthy family and lifestyle. It helps to reduce the spread of diseases among children in the family.