A new study has confirmed that young men between ages 25 and 29 are most likely to transmit HIV in sub-Saharan African. This is contained in a statement signed by Mandy Sugrue, the Communication Director, International AIDS Society (IAS). Living Positively… The statement said that the report of the study ‘Population Effects of Antiretroviral Therapy to Reduce HIV Transmission (PopART)’-was presented at the ongoing 10th IAS Conference on HIV Science in Mexico.
The study which began in Zambia and South Africa in the year 2014, is a research study that examined the impact of a package of HIV prevention interventions on community-level HIV incidence. According to the statement, researchers discovered that transmission also peaked in 20 to 24-year-old women after analysing the genetic profile of viruses acquired by participants in the study.
The statement also said that findings revealed that preventing all transmissions in these age groups would have reduced HIV infection by 20 per cent and 19 per cent in young men and women respectively. It stated that there was an urgent need to scale up testing and treatment programmes aimed at this demography of young people. The statement said that the study used genetic profiling “phylogenetic” analysis to identify 180 probable transmission pairs and applied an individual-based model to predict changes in the HIV epidemic. It said that the study provided insights into how HIV is spread across sexual networks.