Breast milk is a nutrient food produce by mammary gland of all mammals and it is of paramount importance in nutrition. It is taken through the nipples and sourced by all neonates or by newborn. The first milk taken by an infant is called colostrum, in terms of antibody concentration, it is better than mature milk. It contains all classes of food such as carbohydrates, protein, lipids and in addition enzymes, vatimins, immunoglobins and other defense factors.
The carbohydrate of breast milk is lactose and the process for the production of the milk is called lactogenesis. Lactose is a disaccharides consisting of glucose and galactose. Different types of lipids are found in breast milk mostly from four (4) carbons and more. The composition of breast milk lipids and other compositions may vary from day to day and also from the nutrition of the mother.
It is therefore very relevant for breastfeeding mother to be adequately fed. This takes us to the baby friendly initiative or exclusive breastfeeding. It is a UNICEF/UNESCO adopted principles all over the world especially for participating nations that every newly born baby should be fed only with breast milk at least for six (6) months and water should not be given in order to avoid any form of typhoid and cholera infections. The baby friendly initiative is an ideal approach in breastfeeding because there is no food that is richer or better than breast milk.
WHAT IS ACTUALLY SMA?
SMA simply means Synthetic Milk Adapted. It is also known as infant formula, baby formula, baby milk or just formula. A manufactured food designed and marketed for feeding to babies and infants less than 12 months of age, usually prepared for bottle-feeding or cup-feeding from powder usually mixed with water, or liquid with or without additional water.
CONTAMINATION OF BREAST MILK
Breast milk may be contaminated by pathogens or infections from the mother such as HIV virus, cholera bacterium and such drugs like tetracycline, phenolbarbitone should be avoided.
WHAT IS MASTITIS?
Mastitis is an inflammation of breast tissue that sometimes involves an infection. The inflammation results in breast pain, swelling, warmth and redness. A breastfeeding mother might also have fever and chills. Mastitis most commonly affects women who are breast-feeding (lactation mastitis). But mastitis can occur in women who aren’t breast-feeding and in men too.
Lactation mastitis can cause you to feel run down, making it difficult to care for your baby. Sometimes mastitis leads a mother to wean her baby before she intends to. If possible, continuing to breast-feed even while taking an antibiotic to treat mastitis, is better for you and your baby.
ADVANTAGES OF BREAST MILK
- It confers natural immunity to the child because of the transfer of immunoglobulins (IgA and IgG) from the maternal blood to foetal blood.
- It also transfers favourable genes from the mother to the child.
- Breastfeeding is a strong bond between mother and child for an everlasting relationship.